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“地摊经济”火了!“摆地摊”英语怎么说?

时间:2020-06-05 11:46  来源:于欢英语  

  “摊主”,也就是通常所说的“小贩”,英语是什么呢?我们可以用vendor,或者peddler来表达。这里我们顺便可以记住,vending machine就是常见的“自动售货机”,而peddle这个动词意思则是“兜售、沿街叫卖”

  “地摊”的英文表达

  那么,“地摊”用英语该怎么说?我们来看一下China Daily的报道:

  Cities around China started allowing people toset up roadside boothsorfood stallson streets on a regular basis over the weekend.

  国内多个城市开始允许在周末定期摆设路边摊或排挡。

  The vendors had been banned to keep the cities clean, and their return is expected to help increase people's incomes and revive local economies hit hard by the novel coronavirus outbreak.

  此前,各地为保持市政整洁禁止摆摊。如今,地摊的回归有望帮助人们增加收入,并重振受到疫情重创的地方经济。

  On Saturday, the cultural-ethical civilization committee office of Changchun, capital of Jilin province, announced that it would encourage and support the opening of night markets and temporarily lift a ban on roadside markets.

  5月30日,长春市城市管理委员会宣布,将支持鼓励夜市开放,暂时解除路边市场禁令。

  Night marketsandfood stallscan be opened in designated areas in parks, public squares and empty spaces as long as they don't interrupt traffic and local life. They also have to pass environmental protection assessments, the office said.

  该委员会表示,允许利用有条件的公园、广场、空场,在不扰民、不影响交通、不影响市民休闲、不污染环境的前提下,开办夜市、排档。

  从上文中我们可以看到,“夜市“可译为 night markets,“排档”可译为 food stalls 。“地摊”可以用 roadside booths/ stalls 来表达;另外,还有一个词“stand”也经常用来表示摊位。

  那么,booth、stall、stand有什么区别呢?

  根据柯林斯词典,booth的释义为:

  ① A booth is a small area separated from a larger public area by screens or thin walls where, for example, people can make a telephone call or vote in private. 小隔间;电话亭;投票间

  ② A booth is a restaurant or café consists of a table with long fixed seats on two or sometimes three sides of it. (餐厅或咖啡馆中的)雅座,火车座

  ③ A booth is a small tent or stall, usually at a fair, in which you can buy goods or watch some form of entertainment. (通常设在集市的)娱乐棚,售货摊

  ④ A booth is a tall at an exhibition, for example with a display of goods for sale or with information leaflets. (展会的)展亭,展位

  由此可见,booth可指一个小隔间,或两面、三面围起来的小空间,可以是电话亭、雅座、售货摊、展位等。另外,做同传时的同传箱也是叫“booth”,是不是非常形象了~

  根据牛津词典,stall的释义为:

  ① a table or small shop with an open front that people sell things from, especially at a market stand 货摊,摊位,售货亭(尤指集市上的)

  ② a section inside a farm building that is large enough for one animal to be kept in 牲畜棚;马厩;牛棚

  ③ a small area in a room, surrounded by glass, walls, etc., that contains a shower or toilet (房间内的)小隔间,淋浴室,洗手间

  可见,stall一般侧重于集市上的摊位。我们的夜市上的摊位就可以叫stall。

  另外,stall做动词时表示暂停、推后、拖延、熄火等,用法也比较常见,如:

  Negotiations remained stalled yesterday in New York.

  昨天在纽约进行的谈判依然陷于停滞状态。

  根据柯林斯词典,stand的释义:

  A stand is a small shop or stall, outdoors or in a large public building. (设在户外或大型公众建筑物内的)小店,售货摊

  例如:

  She bought a hot dog from a stand on a street corner.

  她从街角的小摊上买了个热狗。

  He ran a newspaper stand outside the American Express office.

  他在美国运通公司办公大楼外经营一家报摊。

  与booth和stall相比,stand 更侧重于独立摊位。

  然后要说明的是,虽然 booth、stall、stand 有些微差别,但是很多情况下也是可以互用的,也要看当地的用语习惯。

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